Laboratory of Environmental Fuels and Hydrocarbons (LEFH), Chemical Process & Energy Resources Institute (CPERI), Centre for Research & Technology Hellas (CERTH)

The Laboratory of Environmental Fuels and Hydrocarbons (LEFH) is one of the 6 laboratories of the Chemical Process & Energy Resources Institute (CPERI) of the Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH) in Thessaloniki. LEFH is one of the founding laboratories of CPERI and has multiyear expertise in the development of catalysts and processes for various applications. Fields of interest include the production of clean fossil fuels through innovative and optimized catalytic refinery processes, the conversion of natural gas to syngas and hydrogen, the thermochemical conversion of biomass for the production of fuels and chemicals and environmental technologies for flue gas cleaning (deSOx-deNOx). During the last decade, LEFH has developed significant expertise in synthesis, characterization and evaluation of metal-based oxide/carbide catalysts for the hydrogenation of CO and CO2 to fuels and high added-value chemical products. The experience of LEFH is manifested by participation in numerous relevant EU and national projects over the past decade. Results of relevant work have also been published in high-impact scientific journals and have been presented in international, European and national conferences.

Contribution to the project

The activities of LEFH focus on the conversion of CO2 to high added-value products, and specifically to methanol. The innovative process of sorption-enhanced CO2 hydrogenation in the presence of a solid sorbent for the continuous removal of the water produced from the reaction, and thus the alleviation of the thermodynamic limitations, is studied in order to achieve high CO2 conversion and high methanol yield. The specific research goals are to find identify suitable water sorbents with adequate sorption capacity at high water partial pressures under the conditions of the reaction and to develop active methanol synthesis catalysts based on transition metal carbides with high stability over multiple reaction/regeneration cycles. These materials will be evaluated in the CO2 hydrogenation reaction to methanol in the presence and absence of sorbent in high pressure laboratory and pilot scale units in order to optimize the operation conditions and evaluate the catalysts’ activity and stability under realistic conditions for industrial application.

Selected publications of the LEFH research team

E. Heracleous, V. Koidi, A. A. Lappas, CO2 conversion over Cu-Mo2C catalysts: effect of the Cu promoter and preparation method,  Catal. Sci. Technol. 11 (2021) 1467-1480

Zachopoulos, E. Heracleous, “Overcoming the equilibrium barriers of CO2 hydrogenation to methanol via water sorption: a thermodynamic analysis”, Journal of CO2 Utilization 21 (2017) 360-367

Th. Liakakou, M.A. Isaacs, K. Wilson, A.F. Lee, E. Heracleous, “On the Mn promoted synthesis of higher alcohols over Cu derived ternary catalysts”, Catal. Sci. Techn. 7 (2017) 988

T. Liakakou, E. Heracleous, “Transition metal promoted K/Mo2C as efficient catalysts for CO hydrogenation to higher alcohols”, Catal. Sci. Techn. 6 (2016) 1106
T. Liakakou, E. Heracleous, K.S. Triantafyllidis, A.A. Lemonidou, “K-promoted NiMo catalysts supported on activated carbon for the hydrogenation reaction of CO to higher alcohols: Effect of support and active metal”, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 165 (2015) 296

Heracleous, E.T. Liakakou, A.A. Lappas, A.A. Lemonidou, “Investigation of K-promoted Cu-Zn-Al, Cu-X-Al and Cu-Zn-X (X=Cr, Mn) catalysts for carbon monoxide hydrogenation to higher alcohols”, Appl. Catal. A 455 (2013) 145